Safety

Safety Safety in Railway Tunnels
Safety

Safety

©PLK

Objective

To ensure a high-level of safety, Rail Infrastructure Managers (IMs) are committed to delivering a safe, high performing and reliable rail network. Regarding safety, their activities are regulated in accordance with the European legislation on safety, i.e. the Railway Safety Directive (EU) 2016/798 and the related Common Safety Methods (CSMs) and, where relevant, the Directive on the Transport of Dangerous Goods 2008/68/EC. All actors operating in the railway system, including IMs and railway undertakings (RUs), cooperate effectively to bear the full responsibility for the safety of their networks / operations within the wider railway system. On European level, the EU Agency for Railways (ERA) establishes and revises regulations in order to improve the safety of the European railway system.

EIM in action

  • EIM organises a WG Safety as the platform where IMs share best practices and information on their respective ‘Safety Management System’ (SMS) as well as on other topics related to railway safety
  • EIM’s WG Safety contributes to all safety-related activities of ERA.
  • EIM cooperates with the entire rail sector to achieve improvements in railway regulation and safety, including the participation in the ‘System Safety Management Group’ (SSMG). 
  • EIM’s WG Safety participates in the Group of Analysts of the CSM ASLP (common safety methods for the assessment of the safety level and the safety performance) in order to contribute to collective learning and the improvement of railway safety.
  • EIM experts are also present in the 4 sub-groups under CSM ASLP (Common Occurrence Reporting; Safety performance; Common Safety Level; Information Sharing System)

EIM actions in 2021

  • EIM’s experts participated in the development of the CSM ASLP. 
  • EIM’s experts followed ERA’s ‘Human & Organisational Factors’ (HOF) Network.
  • EIM’s experts are following the ‘AsBo Cooperation Group’, which has the task to harmonise the work of the assessment bodies (AsBo).
  • EIM’s experts followed the ERA WP on the ‘Transport of Dangerous Goods’ (TDG).
  • EIM’s experts shared learning from railway accidents. 

Outlook 2022

  • The new regulation on CSM ASLP is expected to be published in Q2-2022. 
  • EIM’s experts will contribute to the CSM ASLP 2022 Workplan in the Group of Analysts.
  • EIM will continue supporting ERA in its activities to promote the safety culture.
  • EIM will continue working with all relevant ERA WPs (CSM ASLP; HOF; TDG and AsBo Cooperation). 
  • EIM will continue sharing best practice within the railway sector.

Directive (EU) 2016/798

EU LEGISLATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGERS
Safety

Safety in Railway Tunnels

©Eurotunnel

Objective

Railway tunnels present a higher risk for the safety of train passengers and on-board staff during operations due to their confined space. Fire, derailment, long stops and other accidents require preventive safety measures to minimise the risk and increase the comfort of passengers. In addition to the Railway Safety Directive (EU) 2016/798 applying to all infrastructures, specific requirements for tunnels have been developed in the Regulation (EU) 1303/2014 on ‘Technical Specification for Interoperability for Safety in Railway Tunnels’ (TSI SRT). The TSI SRT establishes safety specifications and recommendations for all tunnels.  

EIM in action

  • EIM’s Working Group on ‘Safety in Railway Tunnels’ (SRT WG) discusses common issues on tunnel safety and follows the workstream of the EU Agency for Railways (ERA).  
  • EIM’s experts are also actively engaged in the ERA Topical Working Party for the TSI SRT. 
  • EIM promotes the dialogue between Rail Infrastructure Managers (IMs), Railway Undertakings (RUs), and emergency response services to ensure that EU Member States adopt a coherent approach between risk mitigation, investments and the feasibility of projects. 

EIM actions in 2021

  • EIM’s SRT WG responded to the public consultation of the EU Agency for Railways (ERA) on the revision of the TSI SRT. 
  • EIM submitted a proposal to the ERA to review the characteristics of exposed cables in tunnels. This position was endorsed by ERA.

Outlook 2022

  • EIM will continue assessing the way the revised TSI is implemented, so that the advantages and disadvantages will be taken into account during the next revision.
  • EIM’s SRT WG will also take action if the results of the risk-based paragraphs in the revised TSI lead to lower safety levels in the future.
  • There have been very few change requests to the current TSI SRT. Hence, a general revision of the current TSI SRT will not be part of the first package of revised TSIs due to be published in 2022. 
  • EIM’s SRT WG will closely monitor ERA’s 2022 TSI revision process to draw lessons for the future TSIs revisions by ERA.

EC Regulation (EU) No 1303/2014

EU LEGISLATION INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGERS
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